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From Chapter 2

Simple Ontologies in RDF and RDF Schema

of Foundations of Semantic Web Technologies:

The Resource Description Framework RDF is a formal language for describing structured information. The goal of RDF is to enable applications to exchange data on the Web while still preserving their original meaning. As opposed to HTML and XML, the main intention now is not to display documents correctly, but rather to allow for further processing and re-combination of the information contained in them. RDF consequently is often viewed as the basic representation format for developing the Semantic Web.


  • Introduction to RDF
  • Syntax for RDF
  • Advanced Features
  • Simple Ontologies in RDF Schema
  • Encoding of Special Datastructures
  • An Example
  • Summary
  • Exercises
  • Further Reading